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Air pollution and lung disease in adults

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Published by CRC Press in Boca Raton, Fla .
Written in English


  • Lungs -- Diseases -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects.,
  • Lungs -- Dust diseases.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Statementedited by Philip Witorsch, Samuel V. Spagnolo.
ContributionsWitorsch, Philip., Spagnolo, Samuel V.
LC ClassificationsRC756 .A34 1994
The Physical Object
Pagination320 p. :
Number of Pages320
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1081542M
ISBN 100849301815
LC Control Number94005086

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Abstract. Ambient air pollution and cigarette smoke accelerate many of the same degenerative diseases as those of aging arteries and brains. Mechanisms include shared inflammatory changes in the fatty plaques of arteries and amyloid plaques of Alzheimer disease, as well as increased production of the amyloid β-peptide.   Fewer studies have assessed associations of air pollution with lung function in adults, but increasing evidence from individual cohort studies from Europe [ 10 – 12 ], the USA [ 13] and Asia [ 14 ], as well as a recent multi-cohort study of five European cohorts within the European Study Author: Edith B. Milanzi, Ulrike Gehring.   Air pollution has also been associated with a range of other health risks beyond lung disease, including heart disease, dementia, osteoporosis, and even urinary and bladder cancer. In , a study published in The Lancet found that long-term exposure to air pollution contributes to the progression of heart disease by accelerating atherosclerosis, a major cause . The World Health Organization (WHO) and other international agencies recognize air pollution as a major threat to human health. Numerous scientific studies have linked air pollution to a .

  Air pollution — especially ozone air pollution which is increasing with climate change — accelerates the progression of emphysema of the lung, according to a new study led by the University of Washington, Columbia University and the University at Buffalo.. While previous studies have shown a clear connection of air pollutants with some heart and lung diseases.   Evidence for long-term pollution effects on slowing down lung function growth in children is strong, while data for chronic lung function effects in adults is more limited and mostly restricted to susceptible populations [ 1 – 3 ]. In the largest of the predominantly cross-sectional studies [ 4 – 7 ], F orbes et by: People with heart or lung disease, older adults older adults In many studies, older adults are defined as ages 65 years and older due to age definitions provided in health datasets such as the Medicare database. In terms of increased risk from air pollution, there is not a specific age at which someone is considered “older” because people age at different rates. Learn how to keep your lungs healthy and get the facts about lung disease symptoms, causes and treatments, as well as advice for managing different lung diseases. We all breathe in and out anywhere from 12 to 15 times per minute at rest. Learn how lungs move fresh air in and waste gases out of the body. Every breath you take can affect your lungs.

[Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA)] Article (PDF Available) in Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift (5) . Air Pollution Limits Lung Growth in Children The Southern California Children’s Health study looked at the long-term effects of air pollution on children and teenagers. Tracking 1, children who were between ages 10 and 18 from to , researchers found that those who grew up in more polluted areas face the increased risk of having reduced lung growth, which . Ambient air pollution has received relatively little attention in the field of ILD but is known to contribute to a range of pulmonary and systemic diseases. Air pollution exposure is increasingly implicated in adverse health outcomes, including asthma, COPD, cardiovascular disease, and, most recently, lung by:   Lung function and long term exposure to air pollutants in Switzerland. Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA) Team. The effect of long-term exposure to air pollutants was studied in a cross-sectional population-based sample of adults (aged 18 to 60 yr; n = 9,) residing in eight different areas in by: